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Leslie Lab

Leslie Lab

Leslie Scientific Photo   Leslie Scientific Photo

Frances M. Leslie, PhD

Professor of Pharmacology
Professor of Anatomy & Neurobiology
Associate Dean, Graduate Division

PhD, 1977, Neuropharmacology, University of Aberdeen, Scotland

Summary of Research: The Francis Leslie UC Irvine laboratory focuses on an examination of the effects of abused drugs on the developing brain.

Although the group has worked extensively with other abused drugs, the current emphasis is on nicotine, the psychoactive component of tobacco. Epidemiological studies have shown that adolescence is a critical time for the initiation of tobacco use and that earlier onset of smoking increases the risk for lifetime usage.

We have shown through animal models that nicotine has unique biological effects at this age, and that brief exposure of adolescents to nicotine enhances the rewarding properties of other drugs. We are currently studying underlying mechanisms.

Another focus of our lab is the role of tobacco constituents in addiction. Tobacco use has one of the highest rates of addiction and relapse of any abused drug, but the animal models used to study tobacco addiction reveal nicotine to be weakly reinforcing. This phenomenon has led our lab to hypothesize that nicotine may interact with other constituents in tobacco smoke to produce its addictive effects.

We are currently evaluating the effects of tobacco constituents on reward and dependence as well as elucidating the underlying neurochemical mechanisms.

The Lab Personnel:

Adjunct Professor:

  • James Belluzzi, PhD


  • Sandra Loughlin, PhD

Graduate Student Researchers:

  • Sarah J. Cross, Anatomy and Neurobiology PhD student
  • Candice A. Gellner, Pharmacology PhD student
  • Kay E. Linker, Anatomy and Neurobiology PhD student
  • Daisy D. (Reynaga) Sanchez, Pharmacology PhD student

Technologies & Research Capabilities:

  • Behavioral models of addiction and mood disorders
  • Hormonal & neurochemical assays
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • In situ hybridization
  • In vivo microdialysis with HPLC/ED
  • Quantitative autoradiography